Decorative Wooden Bird Houses
- May 09, 2016
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Bird Houses also play an important role in the conservation of birds in heavily populated sub-urban areas where very few natural nesting places are found. Birds have different physical and behavioral needs thus there is not one type of wooden birdhouses that would be suitable to all. The types of birds that will nest on a yard or property are largely determined by the habitat so many decorative wooden bird houses can be used. Thus, a mixture of habitats may attract a great number of birds. If particular specie is preferred, then the house and the environment should be ready to welcome it.
Wooden Bird house can either be used for decoration, or you may be trying to attract certain types of birds. If you want to attract a specific species, in most cases, you will need to build or buy a specific type of bird house. For example for nest in colonies and Robin nest on platforms without roofs. Most bird houses are square or rectangular and feature an entrance hole, keep in mind the size of the box and the size of the entrance hole will attract certain species.
Wood is just about the best building material for any bird house. It's durable, has good insulating qualities and breathes. So one must use wooden bird house. Three-quarter-inch thick bald cypress and red cedar are recommended. Pine and exterior grade plywood will do, but they are not as durable. It makes no difference whether the wood is slab, rough-cut or finished, as long as the inside has not been treated with stains or preservatives. Fumes from the chemicals could harm the birds. There's no need to paint cypress and cedar, but pine and plywood houses will last longer with a coat of water-based exterior latex paint. White is the color for purple martin houses. Tan, gray or dull green works best for the other cavity nesting species. The dull, light colors reflect heat and are less conspicuous to predators. Don't paint the inside of the box or the entrance hole. Resist the temptation to put a metal roof on your bird house. Reflective metal makes sense for martin houses up on a sixteen-foot pole, but when it's tacked onto the roof of a wood chickadee house.
You should provide air vents in bird boxes. There are two ways to provide ventilation: leave gaps between the roof and sides of the box, or drill 1/4 inch holes just below the roof. Water becomes a problem when it sits in the bottom of a bird house. A roof with sufficient slope and overhang offers some protection. Drilling the entrance hole on an upward slant may also help keep the water out. Regardless of design, driving rain will get in through the entrance hole. You can assure proper drainage by cutting away the corners of the box floor and drilling 1/4 inch holes. Nest boxes will last longer if the floors are recessed about 1/4 inch.
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